Research

Size & Fitting Standards

Since the apparel industry does not mandate sizing standards many firms develop their own sizing systems. Body types are the fundamental basis of sizing systems. For apparel sizing, body types are classified by proportional relationships among body parts as related to age and gender. The following should provide a reference point from which to start. Do note however, that some categories may overlap slightly. Also keep in mind that sizing can vary widely from company to company depending on the audience the company is targeting.

The industry has standard measurements for sizes in the United States and International sizes. These measurements come in Centimeters and inches and rarely change drastically. Meeting measurement standards and fitting requirements keeps the fashion industry competitive on a consumer level. A brand may have a great style but the fit may not suit varied body types. This can cause your customer not to come back to you.

Infants

  • Sizing tends to refer to babies from newborn to pre-crawling/walking.
  • Includes Sizes Newborn, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months.

Toddlers

  • Refers to babies who are actively crawling and walking.
  • Includes sizes 1T, 2T, 3T, 4T

Girls

  • Preschool and elementary school age females.
  • Includes Sizes 4, 5, 6, 6X, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14
  • Also S M L

Boys

  • Preschool and elementary school age males.
  • Includes Sizes 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20
  • Also S M L

Young Juniors or Preteen

  • Pre puberty females
  • Includes Sizes 7, 9, 11, 13

Juniors

  • Young full formed females
  • Includes Sizes 7, 9, 11, 13

Misses or Missy

  • Mature females over 5’4”
  • Includes Sizes 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20
  • Also S M L

Young Men’s

  • Includes Sizes 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34

Men’s

  • Mature Males. Sizes of Men’s apparel are also based on dimensional measurements of specific body parts. These include the neck, arm length, chest waist and leg.
  • Includes Sizes 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52
  • Also S M L XL XXL

Women’s

  • Full bodied females over 5’4”
  • Includes sizes 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52
  • Also 1X, 2X, 3X

Large or Plus Sizes

  • Women’s clothing that exceed a size 14.
  • Includes sizes 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24
  • Also XL XXL 1X 2X 3X

Half Sizes

  • Used occasionally to denote sizing.
  • Includes sizes 14 /2, 16 1/2, 18 1/2, 20 1/2, 22 1/2, 24 1/2, 26 1/2

Petites

  • Denotes clothing for women 5’‘4” and under. The industry generally marks the clothing with the size followed by a “P”.
  • Includes Sizes 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14
  • Also pS pM pL

Maternity

  • Clothing specially designed and constructed for a woman during and after pregnancy.

Big and Tall

  • Big and Tall is for Men with a waist size 36, XL or medium in length. Usually the garment size along with a “T”denotes longer lengths in sleeve or hem.